ration

ration
I. ration ra‧tion 1 [ˈræʆn ǁ ˈræ-, ˈreɪ-] noun [countable]
a fixed amount of something such as food or petrol that you are allowed to have when there is not much available:

• Food is in short supply and the country has apparently tightened rations (= made less available to each person ) .

  [m0] II. ration ration 2 verb [transitive]
1. to control the supply of something such as food or petrol by allowing people to have only a fixed amount of it:

• Cuba has rationed food for four decades, largely because of the U.S. embargo.

2. to allow someone to have only a small amount of something, or less than they would like, because there is not enough:

• The company rationed people to 200 new shares each.

ration something → out phrasal verb [transitive]
to give out supplies of something in small amounts:

• They had to ration out supplies of the best-seller to one per customer.

* * *

Ⅰ.
ration UK US /ˈræʃən/ noun [C]
a limited amount of something that you are allowed to have when there is not much of it available: »

Each family has to make do with a weekly ration of gas.

»

With ranchers reducing their herds because of high-priced grain rations, some see retail beef prices jumping more than 10% next year.

Ⅱ.
ration UK US /ˈræʃən/ verb [T]
to control the supply of something when there is not much of it available, or to limit the amount of a particular thing that someone is allowed to have: ration sth to sth »

The garage was forced to ration gas to 20 litres per person.

ration sb to sth »

During the war, people were rationed to just 50 grams of meat a week.

rationing noun [U]
»

the rationing of credit during the credit crunch


Financial and business terms. 2012.

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Synonyms:
(of food or drink),


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ration — Ration …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • ration — [ rasjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1643; « solde de militaire » XIIIe; lat. ratio « compte, évaluation » 1 ♦ Portion journalière (de vivres et de boissons) distribuée à chaque homme, dans l armée. Recevoir, toucher sa ration de pain, de viande, de tabac.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • ration — n Ration, allowance, dole, pittance denote the amount of food, supplies, or money allotted to an individual. Ration implies apportionment and, often, equal sharing. Specifically it is applied in military and naval use to the daily supply of… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Ration — Sf std. (17. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus frz. ration, dieses aus ml. ratio ( onis) berechneter Anteil , aus l. ratio ( ōnis) Berechnung, Vernunft , zu l. rērī (ratus sum) meinen, glauben, urteilen . Verb: rationieren; Adjektiv: rationell.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Ration — »zugewiesener Anteil, Menge; täglicher Verpflegungssatz (besonders der Soldaten)«: Das seit dem Ende des 17. Jh.s bezeugte, zunächst nur der Heeressprache angehörende Fremdwort ist aus gleichbed. frz. ration entlehnt, das auf mlat. ratio… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • ration — [rash′ən, rā′shən] n. [MFr < ML ratio, ration < L, a reckoning: see REASON] 1. a fixed portion; share; allowance 2. a fixed allowance or allotment of food or provisions, esp. a fixed daily allowance, as for a soldier 3. [pl.] food or food… …   English World dictionary

  • Ration — Ra tion (r[=a] sh[u^]n or r[a^]sh [u^]n), n. [F., fr. L. ratio a reckoning, calculation, relation, reference, LL. ratio ration. See {Ratio}.] 1. A fixed daily allowance of provisions assigned to a soldier in the army, or a sailor in the navy, for …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ration — [n] allotment of limited supply allowance, apportionment, assignment, bit, consignment, cut, distribution, division, dole, drag, food, helping, measure, meed, part, piece of action*, portion, provender, provision, quantum, quota, share, store,… …   New thesaurus

  • Ration — Ra tion, v. t. To supply with rations, as a regiment. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Ration — Ration, 1) die einem Dienstpferde reglementmäßig zukommende tägliche Portion Heu u. Hafer. Man hat schwere R n, welche meist im Kriege aus 33/4 Berliner Metzen Hafer, u. leichte R n, welche aus 31/4 Metzen bestehen. Zu jeder gehören 3 Pfund Heu u …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Ratĭon — (franz.), bestimmter Anteil, besonders militärisch die Menge Futter, die einem Dienstpferde täglich zukommt. Die Kriegsration beträgt im deutschen Heer 6000 g Hafer, 1500 g Heu und 1500 g Futterstroh, die Friedensration wird als große und kleine… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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